What is Anxiety?
Anxiety is usually known as fear. It is the state of worrying about something. It leads towards stress. We can say that anxiety is the unknown fear of the future. Sometimes we start worrying about things and make a chain of negative thoughts and make a worst ending of that situation or problem.
We all suffer from anxiety in different stages of life such as sitting in an examination hall, preparing ourselves for an exam, giving a job interview or having a medical test makes us nervous and anxious about the results.
So anxiety is a natural and automatic biological/psychological response towards any stressful situation.
What are the symptoms of anxiety?
We can divide symptoms of anxiety and are divided in two categories i-e biological and psychological because it affects both.
- Increased heart rate
- Increased palpitations
- Sweating of body
- Cold ,Sweating numb hands and feet
- Dry mouth
- Shortness of breath
- Abdominal pain
- Chest pain
- Low Blood pressure
- Feels like fainting
- Fatigue or weakness
- Sleeping issues
- Difficulty in getting calm and still
- Tensed Muscles
- Trembling or shaking
- Difficulty in concentration
- Excessive worrying about the results or ending
- Generating negative thoughts
- Lack of patience about future
- Difficulty in controlling feelings
- Self Consciousness
Types of Anxiety Disorder
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
People with GAD feel worried all of the time with no specific reason or unrealistic and little things.
People with panic disorder are having unexpected, repeatedly panic attacks with severe biological symptoms.
People are having phobia or fear from specific things like height, animals, blood, death, closed places, crowded places, Medical illness etc.
Social Anxiety Disorder
People are having anxiety in gatherings, social situations, fear of being judged by others etc.
Post Traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
People with PTSD are suffering from flash back of any traumatic event like natural disaster, death of beloved one, accident, physical and sexual abuse.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
OCD Leads towards repetitive thoughts,Images,urges,doubts about some specific things and that converts into repeated actions on that thoughts.
What are the causes of anxiety?
First anxiety attacks on the psychological level which leads towards the worst ending or result then it converts into biological level.
Levels of Anxiety
Anxiety has different levels
Mild: On initial level but we can control it( e.g Job Interview, Medical test, Exam etc)
Moderate: It reaches at moderate level when we start facing difficulty in daily routine.
Severe: Leads towards panic attacks
- Professional stress
- Academic stress ( school/college/university)
- Financial stress
- Communication stress
- Relationship stress (Marriage etc)
- Phobia or fear from some specific thing (Animals, Heights, closed or congested places, crowded places, death or some Medical illness etc)
- If you are having family history of anxiety then it could be the reason of your anxiety.
- It may travels through genes.
- Chemical imbalance of brain can cause anxiety.
What is the effective treatment of anxiety?
Yes Anxiety is curable. You don’t need get worry about its cure if you reach the right place.
Anxiety is treatable through counseling and psychotherapy. If you are suffering from an anxiety disorder you must consult a good psychologist who Might take your history along with diagnoses through psychological testing and then start your treatment with a proper treatment plan including psychotherapy like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) along with some behavior modification techniques etc.
How much time does it take to recover from anxiety?
Recovering time varies person to person. It depends on the level, severity and type of the anxiety. It also depends on the will power and coping skills of the person.
For the treatment you have to go through a therapeutic session which might take your 40 minutes a week. Number of sessions depends upon your case.
You can have initial consultation from your doctor (psychologist) for your case and treatment.
If you follow your Doctor properly you can get the best result in a short period of time.
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