Depression is a mood Disorder that causes negative physical and mental affects. It may have an effect on your feelings, thinking, reasoning, judgement, making decisions, attitude and behaviour. It decreases person’s ability to function at work or home.

What are the symptoms of Depression?

  • Feeling of sadness
  • Lack of appetite
  • Insomnia or oversleep
  • Mood Swings to the extreme level
  • Feeling hopeless and frustrated
  • Low self-esteem
  • Difficulty in thinking ,reasoning, Judgement and making decisions
  • Difficulty in memorizing
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Suicidal Thoughts.
  • Low energy levels.
  • Anxious and empty
  • Physical pains, Headaches, cramps, digestive problems

What causes Depression in Child and Teens?

According to research depression can often occur in teens,between 20’s and 30’s but it can last at any age. Symptoms of child and teenage depression are:

  • Low energy levels
  • Lack of confidence
  • Refusing to go to school
  • Poor attendance
  • Lack of interest in activities
  • Withdrawal from family and friends
  • Low academic performance
  • Appears sad and tearful
  • Feeling misunderstood
  • Extremely sensitive
  • Self harm
  • Using drugs
  • Dizziness

What causes Depression in Adults?

Depression is the most common mental illness in adults. It not only occurs in males but also in females but the triggers are different for both genders.

Some of symptoms are:

  • Memory Difficulty
  • Change in personality
  • Fatigue, loss of appetite
  • Sleep problems and lost interest in sex.
  • Wanted to stay at home rather than going out
  • Over thinking
  • Suicidal Ideation

Factors of Depression:

Depression occurs due to different reasons. It varies from person to person. Some of factors are mentioned here:

Biological Factors:

 Depression may cause the physical changes in the brain functioning.

Environmental Factors:

Depression may caused by environmental factors, such as job issues,Relationship issues, marital issues.

Brain Chemistry:

In depression functions of Neurotransmitters are disruptive.  Neurotransmitters transfer signals from one part to another. Serotonin, Noradrenalin and Dopamine are three basic neurotransmitters which affects mood.

Hormonal Factors:

 Hormonal changes  causes depression and mood swings at its peak like pregnancy, Menopause etc.


How can we reduce depression?

There are various ways to deal with depression, and often they are best used in combination with each other.The primary medical options are Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), antidepressant medication, and in some severe cases, Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT). Education and coping strategies are also important when learning to manage your depression.

  • Make a routine and follow it.
  • Set some goals to achieve.
  • Eat healthy diet
  • Get enough Sleep
  • Take on responsibility
  • Challenge Negative thoughts
  • Do something new
  • Try to have fun
  • Keep your self more socialize.
  • Stay away from toxic people
  • Build strong relationships
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Avoid common Triggers
  • Try talking therapy


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